Early detection of its symptoms and treatment can prevent and reduce complications if started. However, if such symptoms persist, then you need to be careful.
Being very thirsty
Weight loss without trying
Getting more infections
Peeing a lot
Numbness in your hands or feet
Wounds that don’t heal
Fatigue/feeling worn out
Yeast infections that keep coming back
Consult your doctor if you have dark rashes around your neck or armpits. These are called Acanthosis nigricans, and they can be signs that your body is becoming resistant to insulin.
Type 2 diabetes can be managed. It can be cured by including exercise in the routine, lifestyle, and diet. In addition, doctors give medicines that help your body use insulin more effectively.
A1C – This is the same as the average of your blood sugar over the past 2 or 3 months.
Fasting Plasma Glucose: It is a fasting blood sugar test. It measures the blood sugar on an empty stomach. It would help if you did not eat or drink water for 8 hours before this test.
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) – Check your blood sugar before and 2 hours after drinking sweets to see how the body handles the sugar level.
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Generally, insulin is made by the pancreas. It helps cells turn glucose, one type of sugar, from the food you intake into energy. Those affected by type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their cells don’t use it as well as they should.
At first, the pancreas makes high insulin to get glucose into cells. But eventually, it can’t keep up, and the glucose builds up in the blood instead.
Genes – Scientists have found that different bits of DNA affect how your body makes insulin.
Broken beta cells – Blood sugar gets thrown off if cells that make insulin send out the wrong amount at the wrong time. Then High blood sugar can damage these cells, too.
Extra weight – Being overweight can cause insulin resistance, especially if extra pounds are around your middle.
Metabolic syndrome – People with insulin resistance often have high blood sugar, extra fat around the waist, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglycerides.
Too much glucose from your liver – The liver makes and sends out glucose whenever blood sugar is low. After you eat, your blood sugar increases and your liver will usually slow down and store its glucose for later. But some people’s livers don’t. Instead, they keep cranking out sugar.