What is Chronic Kidney Disease CKD?

The Human kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from human blood that are ultimately excreted in the urine. The typical human Kidney has approximately 1 million functional units engaged in the mechanism of filtration of impure blood. These units are known as nephrons. The disorder in the nephrons is known as renal disorder, renal dysfunction, or "Kidney Disorder" in layman's language. When the kidney disease acquires a severe and challenging treatment, it is known as "Chronic Kidney Disease."

The disorders related to the Kidney are a potent cause of concern. Gone are the days when CKD was confined to geriatric (older Age) patients. Nowadays, almost every age group has been reporting incidents of acute to chronic level of kidney disease. Chronic Kidney disease, sometimes also known as chronic kidney failure, involves a loss of kidney function at a gradual pace. Chronic kidney disease is reported to cause dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes, and waste accumulation to build up in the human body.

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Pan-India Prevalence and Vulnerability

India reportedly detects almost 10 lakh cases of patients suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease. Amongst all the age groups showing the CKD incidents, the most vulnerable one is 40 years to 60 years.

Owing to Malnutrition, newly born infants (0 to 6 months of Age) are reported to show incidents of CKD.

5 Stages of Kidney Failure

Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease

Malnourishment of lactating mothers

The deficiency of essential nutrients in the meals of lactating mothers causes kidney function impairment in the developing baby.


The blood pressure is increased by excessive smoking. The increased blood pressure led to the increased duty on nephrons. This tremendous pressure on the Kidney might ultimately lead to Chronic Kidney Disease.

Improper Diet

An imbalanced diet may cause disorders in the function of the Kidney.

Bad lifestyle

Lack of physical exercise and a sedentary lifestyle may also compromise kidney function.

Pre-existing underlying Renal/Kidney diseases

The presence of other underlying renal kidneys such as Glomerulonephritis and cancer of the Kidney.

Inadequacy/deficiency of nutrients in women in their pre-delivery phase

when the young mothers of the lower class of society did not receive adequate nutrition. Then, they might deliver babies with improper kidney function.

Genetic defects in Offspring born out of consanguine wedlock

The newly born infants born out of the wedlock of two closely related parents such as the daughter or son of a maternal uncle, paternal Aunt, and closely related cousin.

Early signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease (CKD):

  • Edema: Swelling of feet and ankles due to the excessive fluid accumulation in the tissues of the patient's body. Edema can occur in any part of the body of the patient.
  • Vomiting: The act of regurgitation finally leads to the expulsion of the partially digested ingested food contents directly from the Stomach.
  • Nausea: is a feeling of reversal of partially digested food particles in the Stomach. And a feeling of spasm of Food pipe.
  • Increased blood pressure (hypertension): It is one of the common symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease in which the blood pressure is exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries and veins.
  • Loss of appetite: Due to the less secretion of Acid in the Stomach and an imbalanced system of digestive enzymes.
  • Decreased mental sharpness: The intellectual impairment of the patient suffering from CKD is prevalent. This is because of the penetration of urea-enriched blood across the Blood-Brain Barrier.
  • Dry, itchy skin: due to the abnormally exaggerated Immune system as a response to circulating urea and other impurities in the blood. Autacoids such as Histamine and serotonin are released at the skin and cause skin inflammation manifested by itching, dry lesions on the skin, and red patches on the skin.
  • Fatigue and weakness: The manifestation of chronic kidney disease. The rate of breathing becomes increases.
  • Sleep problems: The sleep pattern becomes disturbed. The quality and Quantity of sleep get disturbed. The no. of sleeping hours has become drastically reduced.
  • Urinating more or less: The Imbalance of Sodium and Potassium ion import and export causes the increased or decreased urine flow rate.
  • Shortness of breath: If the fluid accumulates in the lungs, it may cause shortness of breath.
  • Muscle cramp: In the patients with CKD. The Quantity of blood reaching the muscles becomes decreased. As a result, the amount of oxygen reaching the muscular system decreases, too.

Allopathy v/s Homeopathy

As far as the Healing process in the allopathic system of medicine is concerned, these drugs are involved in the temporary reduction of the symptoms of CKD. On the other hand, The Homeopathic system of medicine relies on a precisely personalized herbal medication regime.

The prolonged use of thiazide diuretics can cause different side effects such as agitation, dizziness, the sensation of spinning, a feeling of numbness or tingling in the muscles of limbs, water loss that might lead to diarrhea, cramps in the Stomach, blurred vision; spasm of skeletal muscles; or impotence in males, and problems related to Reproductive system. Spironolactone is a medicine that causes hypokalemia in which the concentration of the Calcium ion in the body fluids reduces.

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