What is paralysis?

A medical disorder known as paralysis is characterised by the loss of muscular function in a specific area of the body. It may be full or partial, transient or permanent. Damage to the neurological system, mainly to the brain or spinal cord, is usually the cause of paralysis. Because of this damage, the brain and muscles are unable to communicate with one another, making it impossible to move some body parts freely.

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What Causes paralysis?

It can occur for many reasons. These symptoms may develop as a result of trauma or accidents, as well as congenital disabilities. Here are some reasons that will help you recognise the condition of paralysis. The main cause of paralysis include:

  • Stroke: A stroke can result in one side of the body due to a blockage or rupture of blood arteries in the brain.
  • Spinal cord injury (SCI): When the spinal cord is injured, it can cause paralysis, most often affecting the lower extremity of the injury.
  • It is caused by the presence of a tumour in the brain or spinal cord, which has the potential to crush nerves.
  • Infections/Viruses: Some viruses, such as West Nile virus and polio, because they damage the nervous system.
  • Congenital conditions: Some people are born with diseases like cerebral palsy or spina bifida that cause paralysis.

In summary, there are multiple rheumatoid arthritis causes that contribute to its development.

What are the types of paralysis?

There are many types of paralysis after stroke because the body can be injured in many ways. However, four main categories relate to the affected part of the body, which are explained in full below.


This type of paralysis affects only one part of your body, such as an arm or leg. People suffering from this usually maintain control over the rest of their body, but they do not have control over the affected part.

Causes of Monoplegia:

  • Strokes
  • Tumour
  • Brain injuries
  • Nerve impingement


Hemiplegia results in the arms and legs on one side of the body. This may sometimes be temporary. The prognosis of the disease depends on the treatment.

Causes of Hemiplegia

  • Brain injuries
  • Neurological
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Spinal cord injuries


Paraplegia paralyses the lower half of the body, including both legs and possibly parts of the torso. The patient cannot walk or make any movement in the lower part, nor can he feel anything, but the reality of paraplegia varies from person to person

Cause of Paraplegia

  • Brain tumours
  • Brain infections
  • Spinal cord lesions
  • Spinal cord infections


It is below the neck and is called quadriplegia or Tetraplegia. Typically, the trunk and all four limbs are affected. Similar to paraplegia, individuals may experience varying degrees of disability and loss of function. Some quadriplegic patients regain some or all of their functionality on their own, while others slowly recover with dedicated physical therapy. Retrain your body and mind with treatment and exercise.

Causes of Quadriplegia

  • Alcohol overdoses
  • Congenital abnormalities
  • Allergic reactions to drugs
  • Spinal and brain infections

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