According to World Health Organization (WHO), a person is said to be suffering from Oligospermia when his sperm count is lower than 15 million. A person whose ejaculation contains nil sperm, I.e., 0, is said to be having Azoospermia. When a person has a lower sperm count, it reduces the possibility of making the female’s egg fertile.
Oligospermia is a major reason behind Infertility, and in most cases, couples diagnose it when they are unable to conceive a child after taking enough attempts. So let us understand why Oligospermia and fertility of men are linked to each other.
Males with lower sperm count are also observed to experience fertility problems where they could not fertilize the egg, or it takes more attempts than normal couples for fertilization. A reason behind this could be the low motility of the sperm. In many cases, it is observed that many males with Oligospermia report low motility. As a result, the sperm cells fail to swim and reach the egg to fertilize it in these cases. As only a couple of thousands of sperm cells reach the fallopian tubes, from which only hundreds of them make it to the ovum, others disintegrate in the process. Oligospermia makes it worse because when the sperm count is already low, enough sperm cells will not survive until they reach the egg.
A sperm count depends on several hormones produced from the brain, testicles, and several other glands. Any imbalance or problem in their production could lead to lower sperm count.
It is a disease in which the veins in the bags that carry the testicles (scrotum) swell due to the draining of fluid in it. This could be a cause of Oligospermia.
In several cases, genetics is the reason behind the disease.
Longer use of medicines like antibiotics, drugs to maintain blood pressure, and beta-blockers may cause the patient to have problems related to ejaculation or reduced sperm count in the semen.
A common reason behind the problems of Oligospermia includes the increased temperature e=around the testicles often. This could happen due to placing laptops over genitals, frequently sitting, and wearing tight clothing.
Excessive use of alcohol or smoking a lot could be the cause. Another lifestyle factor could be obesity, as excess weight directly affects the making of sperm count.
Frequent use of several substances like cocaine, marijuana, and steroids may lead to reduced sperm count.
Exposure to toxic chemicals and metals could lead to low sperm cell production. Harsh chemicals, pesticides, painting materials, or heavy metals like lead are included.
Several problems in the ejaculation of men could be the reason behind low sperm count. Retrograde ejaculation is a condition when the semen enters the bladder instead of normally ejaculating. Some other possibilities could be an injury, tumour, cancer, or any past surgery.
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More viscous discharge
Inability to maintain an erection
Pain in testis
Swelling or lump in the testicles
Burning sensation while urinating
Decrease facial or body hairs
Oligospermia and Fertility problems could cause other complications to the person suffering from the disease.
-While the man is the sufferer, both individuals in the couple face the stress.
-For curing the root cause, the necessity of taking treatment for other problems
-People are told to take expensive treatment procedures like IVF
-Habits like smoking, alcohol abuse, and taking drugs.
-Having an infection in the reproductive system
-High-temperature exposure to testicles
-Damage or injury to testes